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Guidelines for Clinicians and Patients for Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the United States

Posted Monday, January 9th, 2017

In 2008, NIAID established a coordinating committee composed of professional organizations, federal agencies, and patient advocacy groups to oversee development of concise clinical guidelines on the diagnosis and management of food allergy and the treatment of acute food allergy reactions. Developed over two years, the 2010 Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy in the United States offer evidence-based recommendations for health care professionals. 

In 2015, findings from a landmark NIAID-funded clinical trial called the Learning Early About Peanut (LEAP) study showed that introducing peanut-containing foods to infants at high risk for developing peanut allergy was safe and led to an 81 percent relative reduction in the subsequent development of peanut allergy. Based on the strength of these results, NIAID established another coordinating committee, which convened an expert panel to update the 2010 Guidelines to specifically address the prevention of peanut allergy. The Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States were published in January 2017.

2017 Addendum Guidelines for the Prevention of Peanut Allergy in the United States